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Analysing the effects of armed conflict on forest cover, land-use and biodiversity conservation in Colombia


Analysing the effects of armed conflict on forest cover, land-use and biodiversity conservation in Colombia

Part 1: Mon, July 11, 10:30 - 12:30hrs, Room: Getsemaní

Part 2: Mon, July 11, 14:00 - 16:00hrs, Room: Getsemaní


Pablo Negret and Edgar Cifuentes

This symposium presents new evidence using spatial and policy analysis to address the ongoing governance challenges of forest and biodiversity conservation in the Colombian post-conflict period.

Armed conflict in Colombia has profoundly shaped the tenure and use of land for more than 50 years. The well-documented impacts on forest cover dynamics have broad implications for biodiversity conservation, climate change, and sustainability. In 2016, a peace agreement was signed between the Colombian government and FARC, one of the main actors of the conflict. This historical moment for Colombia has led to important changes in the political environment, bringing new opportunities for sustainable development but also new governance challenges. Despite the social advances of the peace-agreement, it has brought striking changes to natural landscapes including the country's highest rate of deforestation ever recorded in the 21st century. Many rural areas are suffering a power vacuum commonly seen in post-conflict countries, unleashing informal extractivism and land grabbing without proper regulation or control. Coca cultivation, which is intimately related to the armed conflict, has boomed in the last few years. High-conservation value areas under special management, such as protected areas and indigenous territories, are experiencing alarming levels of encroachment and land clearing. Broadening our understanding of post-conflict land use dynamics will help inform governance solutions and chart a pathway to more sustainable natural resource management and social development. This symposium will communicate different diagnoses of the factors and relations between armed conflict, peace-agreement, forests, and conservation in Colombia. Moreover, it will enhance discussion and provide a scientific baseline for a workshop to direct future research by identifying knowledge gaps and highlighting successful interventions already being implemented in Colombia or other post-conflict countries.

Forests, Coca, and Conflict: Grass Frontier Dynamics and Deforestation in the Amazon-Andes
Liliana Davalos*, Eleonora Davalos, Jennifer Holmes, Clara Tucker and Dolors Armenteras

Mapping illicit land activities in the Colombian Andes Amazon region
Paulo Murillo*

Conservation in an armed conflict setup. Finding paths to save Colombia’s biodiversity.
Pablo Negret*

What Peace Means for Deforestation
Augusto Castro-Nunez*

Beyond deforestation: refining the analysis of forest cover change processes after the peace agreements in Colombia

Forest cover changes and public policy: A literature review for post-conflict Colombia
Martha Vaengas Cubillos*, Augusto Castro-Nunez, Janelle Sylvester and Lisset Perez

Peace and the environment at the crossroads: elections in a conflict-troubled biodiversity hotspot
Alejandro Salazar, Adriana Sanchez*, Jeffrey Dukes, Juan Salazar, Nicola Clerici, Eloisa Lasso, Santiago Sanchez-Pacheco, Angela Rendon, Juan Camilo Villegas, Carlos Sierra, German Poveda, Benjamin Quesada, Maria Uribe, Susana Rodriguez-Buritica, Paula Ungar, Paola Pulido-Santacruz, Natalia Morato and Paola Arias

What is resilient in a country chronically at war? An application of the adaptive cycle to understand the Socio-Ecological System
Maria Pereira*, MARIE-GABRIELLE PIKETTY, François Bousquet and Daniel Castillo

Two decades of land change dynamics within and around the National Natural Park System of Colombia. A remote sensing approach
Kristian Rubiano*, Nicola Clerici, Marius Bottin and Luigi Boschetti


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